5 Botanical Gardens Built Upon Mines

 

 

Abandon mines cause real problems. From toxic waste spills to accidental deaths, mine remnants are not warmly welcomed worldwide. However, there are various parks and botanical gardens that have been built upon former mines. The crafty entrepreneur takes their hands over these empty spaces to convert them into jaw-dropping public amusement parks. These parks are a significant source of cleaning up the atmosphere and the water bodies. So, reclamation of mines in terms of reforestation is not lousy bargaining. This article will give you an insight into the world’s botanical gardens and parks built upon former mines. Each has its own history and significant scenario that makes the efforts recognizable.
Before getting into the topic, let’s learn why this idea is so popular worldwide.


there are various parks and botanical gardens that have been built upon former mines.


People left no Stone unturned in the industrialization era to gain economic stability. They didn’t care about natural resources, biodiversity, and the environment. With the time being, the idea of environmental protection flourished. Most of the mines were closed in the last century that remain abandoned.

Recreating these land areas has become an art. And the whole world is working on it. Converting former mines into parks or gardens provides amusement to the public and helps clean up the environment.

Maximilianpark Hamm - Thank you to vorderstrasse.de for the image
Maximilianpark Hamm – Thank you to vorderstrasse.de for the image

Maximilian Park Hamm

Years after the coal mine was closed near Hamm in Germany; it remained abandoned. The mine was a reminder of the loss of the mining industry. However, the government decided to build the park over it. Maximilian Park was built in 1984 for the first horticulture show. The park has become a paradise for children, both young and old. Also, there are walking trails with seasonal changing beds and more than 90 species of tropical butterflies that grab the attention of people of all ages. Moreover, the old building of the Coal mine offers a stage and technology for events such as music festivals and comedy. The large seminar rooms provide spaces for various cultural events in the former coal mine. 

New River Gorge National Park - Thank you to Wikimedia for the image
New River Gorge National Park – Thank you to Wikimedia for the image

New River Gorge National Park

Regrowth in former mines has established the new national park in West Virginia. In 2021, the New River Gorge will become a national park. In the days of the supercontinent Pangaea, it was one of the oldest rivers and one of the few waterways running through the north. Million years of erosion carved a deep river lined with bituminous coal and quartz sandstone. In the 19th century, various coal mines were built along the river. Also, Chesapeake and Ohio Railroad was established in 1873. Till the mid-1900s, the miners exploited millions of tons of coal from the gorge wall. However, all of the mines were abandoned by the 1960s. Now that area has been reclaimed by reforestation, slowly healing the river and maintaining biodiversity.

New River’s Gorge National Park has an area of 295 square kilometres. From making the air clean to reversing the hydrology of the watershed location, trees are playing a very crucial part in the reclamation. The New River’s presence is vital for various plants and animal species as well as helping to combat climate change. 

 

Megawati Soekarnoputri Botanical Garden

The Megawati Soekarnoputri Botanical Garden is one of the world’s leading gardens with the vision of conserving the Wallacea area. The park in Indonesia covers an area of 221 hectares, and it was built upon PT Newmont Minhasa Raya mine.

Butchart Gardens - Thank you to Wikimedia for the image.
Butchart Gardens – Thank you to Wikimedia for the image.

 

The Butchart Garden

The land was the home of a couple who mined out an industrial quarry in 1902. The cement plant built on the ground consumed all the limestone deposits. However, the wife carefully crafted the garden from 1912 to 1921. She created the crown jewels from the flowers of Butchart Garden, making it quite famous. Visitors worldwide came to breathe in peaceful places with all types of blooms and plants around. The heirs remained faithful to the vision of its founder. Several changes are made, such as a dining room, firework show, Menagerie Carousel, and Children’s Pavilion to amuse the visitors. Now, the Butchart Garden is one of Canada’s historic sites and among the top most beautiful gardens in the world.

Pittsburgh Botanic Garden - Thank you to Wikimedia for the image.
Pittsburgh Botanic Garden – Thank you to Wikimedia for the image.

Pittsburgh Botanic Garden

The botanic garden in Pittsburgh stretches over 452 acres, and it’s among the top 10 botanic gardens in the US. The McGill family owned the land since the 1800s. The land has an industrial past with a coal mine over it. The soil and rocks were blasted and exposed for coal extraction. There was acid mine drainage whose water polluted lakes and ponds downstream. Nevertheless, the mined area comes back to life with healthy trees and open meadows. A drainable limestone bed is installed next to the pond to neutralize the water. 

The lotus pond is now the central piece of the Japanese garden. Now, people enjoy an award-winning lotus pond, stunning meadow, and wooden trails. People also celebrate their occasions in the restored barn that serves as Bayer welcome center.

Conclusion

Mining was the most common exercise globally in the 19th and first half of the twentieth century. The acid mine drainage pollutes the water and pollutes the air as well. Restoration of abandoned mine areas becomes crucial for the sake of the environment. Also, the abandoned places do not look pleasant to the eyes. The Butchart Garden, Pittsburgh botanic garden, and Gorge are some gardens that were former mines. These gardens not only provide aesthetics to their visitors but also generate revenue. Thus, transformation of a polluted area to beautiful gardens is an attractive deal.